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Title: Making sense of Community Treatment Orders : the service-user experience
Author: Marklew, Lee
ISNI:       0000 0004 6500 2592
Awarding Body: University of Leeds
Current Institution: University of Leeds
Date of Award: 2017
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Since their introduction in 2008, Community Treatment Orders (CTOs) have become an increasingly common feature of mental health treatment. Although compulsory community treatment is used in many countries, there is a lack of consistent evidence of its clinical effectiveness and a dearth of methodically robust studies. The international use of CTOs remains contentious based on the ethics of coercion and infringement of autonomy. Detailed understanding and interpretation of the experiential impact on service-users is necessary to inform the ongoing use and development of CTOs. Although some of the extant literature acknowledges the effect of historical and contextual influences on the implementation of CTOs, these influences have not been comprehensively evaluated. Existing exploratory studies reveal wide-ranging, often conflicting responses from service-users, describing mainly ambivalent reactions to a CTO. This indicates a need for rich detailed data and analysis of the service-users’ experience of CTOs. This study aimed to investigate how service-users make sense of their CTO experience. Ten active CTO service-users were purposefully recruited from an Assertive Outreach Team caseload in the north of England. Each participant undertook one or two semi-structured interviews facilitated with photo-journals and diaries. A total of 18 interviews were completed and the data subject to Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. Themes were generated and organised into three clusters: Pained and Powerless; Alignment and Reconnection; and Consolation and Compensation. Some participants felt powerless to challenge the ‘sentence’ imposed as therapeutic intent. Many participants described feeling disadvantaged, different and labelled, but were also committed to recovery and reintegration into the community. Some participants perceived that small interactions could combine to leave them feeling more secure, less anxious and, paradoxically, more in control. The study proposes a theoretical framework that may unlock the therapeutic potential of CTOs, improving lived experience without compromising their social significance or effectiveness.
Supervisor: Morrall, Peter ; Hugh-Jones, Siobhan Sponsor: Florence Nightingale Foundation
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available