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Title: Virtuous speaking and knowledge sharing in group dialogue : a framework for analysis
Author: Kelly, Catherine
ISNI:       0000 0004 6499 8092
Awarding Body: University of Roehampton
Current Institution: University of Roehampton
Date of Award: 2017
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The problem of sharing knowledge and creating shared understandings in group settings is well known and has been the subject of study from many angles including management, psychology and epistemology. Each of these disciplines has complex constructs to approach the problem and theoretical recommendations on idealised forms of group interaction which can result in more balanced knowledge sharing. Few of these approaches have been tested in real world group interactions, let alone in groups which are adversarial by nature. The objective of this thesis is to provide a framework for investigating particular theoretical concepts in real world group dialogue which is adversarial in order to assess their impact on the problem of knowledge sharing. The development of the conceptual and analytic framework is a central part of this thesis. It is based on understandings developed within virtue epistemology and dialogical theory (Bakthin, 1986, 1984, 1981). Drawing on Fricker's (2007) notion of a 'virtuous hearer', the analogous concept of the 'virtuous speaker' is postulated, a person who exhibits speech practices which facilitate the emergence of joint understanding. How these speech practices may manifest themselves are investigated in actual adversarial speech episodes, and explored from both a Bakhtinian and a virtue perspective. Speech is tagged first of all with monological/dialogicial linguistic markers, then the key utterances are identified which lie on the critical path to joint understandings. These utterances in turn are tagged with virtue markers. The Excel tool capturing all this data is then used to visualise patterns of speech using a Bakhtinian lens and an intellectual virtue lens. Both categorisation schemes are applied separately and then combined in order to isolate the speaking practices of a virtuous speaker. The analysis revealed that the majority of speech episodes were dialogical overall. However, the speech practices were primarily monological along the critical path to joint understanding. There appeared to be no correlation between the overarching classification of the speech episode and the particular classification along the critical path. This was surprising, as the theoretical literature suggests that joint understandings are more likely to emerge from dialogical forms of interaction.
Supervisor: Ng, Wilson ; Guerrier, Yvonne Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available