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Title: Unravelling the role of AKR1D1 in human hepatocytes
Author: Nikolaou, Nikolaos
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2017
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Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the hepatic manifestation of the metabolic syndrome and is rapidly becoming one of the leading indications for liver transplantation worldwide. The cellular processes and molecular targets that govern disease development and progression remain to be fully defined and currently there are no licensed treatments. Steroid 5β-reductase (AKR1D1) is highly expressed in human liver where it inactivates steroid hormones and catalyses a fundamental step in bile acid synthesis. I have hypothesised that AKR1D1 plays a crucial regulatory role in hepatic metabolic homeostasis. In human hepatoma cell lines, genetic manipulation of AKR1D1 altered primary bile acid biosynthesis and steroid hormone action. Furthermore, gene silencing of AKR1D1 increased hepatocyte triglyceride accumulation through increased de novo lipogenesis and decreased β- oxidation, fueling hepatocyte inflammation as well as increasing glycogen synthesis. I have shown that AKR1D1 has a potent ability to regulate the metabolic phenotype of human hepatocytes suggesting a crucial role in the pathophysiology of NAFLD.
Supervisor: Hodson, Leanne ; Tomlinson, Jeremy W. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available