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Title: Consequence-based reasoning for SRIQ ontologies
Author: Bate, Andrew
ISNI:       0000 0004 6500 6075
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2016
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Description logics (DLs) are knowledge representation formalisms with numerous applications and well-understood model-theoretic semantics and computational properties. SRIQ is a DL that provides the logical underpinning for the semantic web language OWL 2, which is the W3C standard for knowledge representation on the web. A central component of most DL applications is an efficient and scalable reasoner, which provides services such as consistency testing and classification. Despite major advances in DL reasoning algorithms over the last decade, however, ontologies are still encountered in practice that cannot be handled by existing DL reasoners. Consequence-based calculi are a family of reasoning techniques for DLs. Such calculi have proved very effective in practice and enjoy a number of desirable theoretical properties. Up to now, however, they were proposed for either Horn DLs (which do not support disjunctive reasoning), or for DLs without cardinality constraints. In this thesis we present a novel consequence-based algorithm for TBox reasoning in SRIQ - a DL that supports both disjunctions and cardinality constraints. Combining the two features is non-trivial since the intermediate consequences that need to be derived during reasoning cannot be captured using DLs themselves. Furthermore, cardinality constraints require reasoning over equality, which we handle using the framework of ordered paramodulation - a state-of-the-art method for equational theorem proving. We thus obtain a calculus that can handle an expressive DL, while still enjoying all the favourable properties of existing consequence-based algorithms, namely optimal worst-case complexity, one-pass classification, and pay-as-you-go behaviour. To evaluate the practicability of our calculus, we implemented it in Sequoia - a new DL reasoning system. Empirical results show substantial robustness improvements over well-established algorithms and implementations, and performance competitive with closely related work.
Supervisor: Grau, Bernardo Cuenca ; Horrocks, Ian ; Motik, Boris Sponsor: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Knowledge Representation ; Artificial Intelligence ; Automated Reasoning ; Computer Science ; Logic ; Classification ; OWL 2 ; Ontologies ; Semantic Web