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Title: SPAARS evidence? : an empirical investigation into SPAARS applied to PTSD
Author: Summers, Andrew John
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 2003
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Empirical evidence for the SPAARS (Schematic, Prepositional, Associative and Analogical Representational Systems) model (Power & Dalgleish, 1997, 1999; Power, 1997, 1999), as applied to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) by Dalgleish (1999, submitted) was investigated. An opportunistic sample of 12 participants was recruited from a specialist service for PTSD. Participants had experienced a variety of traumatic events. Co-morbidity and PTSD severity were representative of the service's normal clinical population. Participants were assessed up to 3 times. An interview to assess schematic themes was devised for this study and standardised measures of PTSD and other symptomatology were also administered. The interview was found to have reasonable inter-rater reliability. The combined results of the analyses provided initial support for the utility of the SPAARS model applied to PTSD. Particular Schematic-level representations were identified, which were associated with PTSD and other symptomatology. Participants were found to experience a wide range of aversive emotions and fear was not generally the dominant emotion reported. Greater negative emotionality, rather than greater fear, was associated with increased symptomatology. Some theoretical and clinical implications of these findings are discussed.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Clin.Psy.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available