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Title: Applications of remote sensing and GIS to the investigation of past settlement on the Carsamba alluvial fan, Anatolia
Author: Holmes, Stephen
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 2000
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The settlement history of the Çarsamba alluvial fan is investigated for the interval circa 9,000-1000 BP using Geographic Information System (GIS) tools and satellite remote sensing data. Models of landscape and settlement pattern development are evaluated with reference to the archaeological settlement record. Exploratory data analysis methods are used to examine the spatial characteristics of reconstructed settlement distributions. The use of multi-date Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) and SPOT Panchromatic satellite data to increase the visibility of past settlements is described within a methodological section of the thesis. Vegetation cover conditions and the contrast between decomposed mudbrick and alluvial soils are identified as important factors in the visibility of settlements. The successful specific detection of previously unrecorded past settlements from Landsat and SPOT data is reported. The archaeological settlement record of the Çarsamba alluvial fan displays complex spatio-temporal patterning as a result of the interaction of cultural and taphonomic factors. While some features of the archaeological record are artifacts of differential preservation or recovery, others clearly reflect the influence of changing physical environments on past landuse and occupation.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available