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Title: Some aspects of the pre- and post-operative care of surgical patients
Author: Bingham, D. L. C.
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1940
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Abstract:
The first forty years of the twentieth century have seen greater advances in the science and art of surgery than the whole of preceding time. But, as the field of surgical endeavour has widened, new problems have arisen. Operations are now carried out upon patients so reduced by their disease that formerly interference would not have even have been considered. The outcome of such enterprises depends upon meticulous care in the pre and post-operative treatment, not the least important aspect of which is the maintenance of normal water and electrolyte metabolism. In this connection it is interesting to recall that as long ago as 1831 Dr. W. B. O'Shaughnessy of Newcastle upon Tyne recognised the essentials of water and electrolyte depletion and also outlined treatment. In a brief letter to the London Medical Gazette he summarised the changes which occur in the blood of patients suffering from cholera. He stated that: 1. "The blood drawn in the worse cases of cholera is unchanged in its anatomical or globular structure." 2. It has lost a large proportion of its water, 1000 parts of cholera serum having but the average of 850 parts of water." 3. "It has lost also a great proportion of its neutral saline ingredients." 4. "Of the free alkali contained in healthy serum, not a particle is present in some cholera cases, and barely a trace in others." 5. "Urea exists in the cases where suppression of urina has been a marked sympton." 6. "All the salts deficient in the blood, especially the alkali or carbonate of soda, are present in large quantities in the peculiar white dejected matters." From the early papers and the very numerous investigations which have since been carried out, it has become obvious that loss of water and sodium chloride from the body so alters "the innumerable and interrelated chemical reactions that together accomplish what we call metabolism that life itself may thereby be seriously endangered. Therefore rational fluid therapy must be directed not to restoring the normal body content of any particular component of the body fluids (which indeed is separately impossible), but to the restoration and maintenance of the normal volume, composition, and distribution of the body fluids as a whole, so that metabolism may proceed under the most favourable of circumstances. It is the purpose of this paper to discuss the metabolism of the body fluids, the practical applications of fluid therapy in surgical patients, and to make some contribution to our knowledge of the therapeutics of sodium chloride.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (M.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.735229  DOI: Not available
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