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Title: The toxicity of the dye stuffs, with special reference to their effects upon the public health, and to river pollution
Author: Balfour, Andrew
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1898
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On the whole it is probable that most of the dye stuffs are passed into streams in such a diluted condition, and there become so much more diluted, that they do not kill the fish. This is borne out by what is found in the river Leven, in Dumbartonshire, which is polluted by effluents from Turkey Red works. It is said that,in this case, the dye stuffs have no effect on the fish which are injured by caustic and other substances employed in the process. Quite apart from any fatal result however the fish may suffer in health from fungus growth, while deposits are likely to occur, and as it would seem that simple methods can obviate these undesirable effects, their use should be enforced. As is shewn in the experiments with mill effluents and stream waters filtration or simple precipitation apparently renders the effluents innocuous. In the case of the Tweed, trout are frequently caught at a point just below where the mill discharges take place, and no objection can be taken to the condition of the river water, although as will be seen by reference to the tables, the dyes and substances mixed with than are very fatal. Indigo effluents, even when foul smelling, did not kill fish and must be regarded as non toxic; but most of the Yorkshire rivers in the factory districts are in a disgraceful state. Dr Maclean Wilson, Medical Inspector to the West Riding Rivers Board, to whom I am indebted for the samples he sent me, has however devoted attention to the existing state of affairs, and improvement may be looked for. I must also express my thanks to Oscar Schofield Esq. of Littleboro' Lancashire, who sent me samples containing vegetable dyes and mordants. Such a sample was rapidly fatal, but after filtration its toxic properties entirely disappeared. He employe Kremmolite, a form of iron ore for the purpose and from my results it would seem to act admirably. It is.probable therefore that careful filtration or precipitation is all that is required, with a sufficient staff of inspectors to see that, whatever process is adopted, it is efficiently carried out. Till this is done, not only in connection with, dye's and mordants, but also with other forms of stream pollution, the great dream of Frank Buckland's life is not likely to be realised.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (M.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available