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Title: Medical image registration and soft tissue deformation for image guided surgery system
Author: Tan, Chye Cheah
ISNI:       0000 0004 6499 581X
Awarding Body: University of Nottingham
Current Institution: University of Nottingham
Date of Award: 2016
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In parallel with the developments in imaging modalities, image-guided surgery (IGS) can now provide the surgeon with high quality three-dimensional images depicting human anatomy. Although IGS is now in widely use in neurosurgery, there remain some limitations that must be overcome before it can be employed in more general minimally invasive procedures. In this thesis, we have developed several contributions to the field of medical image registration and brain tissue deformation modeling. From the methodology point of view, medical image registration algorithms can be classified into feature-based and intensity-based methods. One of the challenges faced by feature-based registration would be to determine which specific type of feature is desired for a given task and imaging type. For this reason, a point set registration using points and curves feature is proposed, which has the accuracy of registration based on points and the robustness of registration based on lines or curves. We have also tackled the problem on rigid registration of multimodal images using intensity-based similarity measures. Mutual information (MI) has emerged in recent years as a popular similarity metric and widely being recognized in the field of medical image registration. Unfortunately, it ignores the spatial information contained in the images such as edges and corners that might be useful in the image registration. We introduce a new similarity metric, called Adaptive Mutual Information (AMI) measure which incorporates the gradient spatial information. Salient pixels in the regions with high gradient value will contribute more in the estimation of mutual information of image pairs being registered. Experimental results showed that our proposed method improves registration accuracy and it is more robust to noise images which have large deviation from the reference image. Along with this direction, we further improve the technique to simultaneously use all information obtained from multiple features. Using multiple spatial features, the proposed algorithm is less sensitive to the effect of noise and some inherent variations, giving more accurate registration. Brain shift is a complex phenomenon and there are many different reasons causing brain deformation. We have investigated the pattern of brain deformation with respect to location and magnitude and to consider the implications of this pattern for correcting brain deformation in IGS systems. A computational finite element analysis was carried out to analyze the deformation and stress tensor experienced by the brain tissue during surgical operations. Finally, we have developed a prototype visualization display and navigation platform for interpretation of IGS. The system is based upon Qt (cross-platform GUI toolkit) and it integrates VTK (an object-oriented visualization library) as the rendering kernel. Based on the construction of a visualization software platform, we have laid a foundation on the future research to be extended to implement brain tissue deformation into the system.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: R855 Medical technology. Biomedical engineering. Electronics ; RD Surgery ; TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering