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Title: Computational study of Klang Valley's urban climatology, and urbanisation of Putrajaya city, Malaysia
Author: Morris, Kenobi Isima
ISNI:       0000 0004 6499 5019
Awarding Body: University of Nottingham
Current Institution: University of Nottingham
Date of Award: 2016
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Urbanisation is associated with physical modifications of land surfaces and climate of a given area. Studies of urbanisation effect on urban climate of Klang Valley region is below par. This research aims to bridge the gap by using a coupled Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model with the NOAH Land Surface Model (NOAH) and Urban Canopy Model (UCM) – WRF/NOAH/UCM to investigate the urban climatology of Klang Valley and the urbanisation of Putrajaya over a decade. In addition, evaluation of the garden city concept adopted in the development of Putrajaya city is also conducted. The model is first validated against a network of meteorological observations in the region to determine its suitability for urban climate investigations. Climatological variables (near-surface temperature, relative humidity, and wind speed) along with land use and land cover (LULC) changes; planetary boundary layer height (PBLH), and urban heat/cool islands (UHI/UCI) of the area are also investigated. The model evaluation shows good performance over the region. LULC changes demonstrates strong influence in thermal climatology variations. A mean maximum UHI intensity of ~4.2 ºC was observed in the urban canopy-layer of the Klang Valley. Results reveal that urbanisation of Putrajaya leads to 2-m temperature increase at the rate of ~1.66 ºC per decade, with the area experiencing a mean UHI intensity of ~2.1 ºC per day. Other climatological variables vary accordingly with the urbanisation processes. Evaluation of the garden city concept indicates that the adopted concept causes a reduction in 2-m air temperature of the Putrajaya area, amounting to ~0.53 ºC per day; with vegetation contributing more (~0.39 ºC) to the daily reduction relative to water bodies (~0.14 ºC). Location of the city in the tropics accustomed with high intensity of daily solar radiation masked the cooling potentials of the concept to some extent.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TH 845 Architectural engineering