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Title: From spline wavelet to sampling theory on circulant graphs and beyond : conceiving sparsity in graph signal processing
Author: Kotzagiannidis, Madeleine S.
ISNI:       0000 0004 6496 946X
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2018
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Graph Signal Processing (GSP), as the field concerned with the extension of classical signal processing concepts to the graph domain, is still at the beginning on the path toward providing a generalized theory of signal processing. As such, this thesis aspires to conceive the theory of sparse representations on graphs by traversing the cornerstones of wavelet and sampling theory on graphs. Beginning with the novel topic of graph spline wavelet theory, we introduce families of spline and e-spline wavelets, and associated filterbanks on circulant graphs, which lever- age an inherent vanishing moment property of circulant graph Laplacian matrices (and their parameterized generalizations), for the reproduction and annihilation of (exponen- tial) polynomial signals. Further, these families are shown to provide a stepping stone to generalized graph wavelet designs with adaptive (annihilation) properties. Circulant graphs, which serve as building blocks, facilitate intuitively equivalent signal processing concepts and operations, such that insights can be leveraged for and extended to more complex scenarios, including arbitrary undirected graphs, time-varying graphs, as well as associated signals with space- and time-variant properties, all the while retaining the focus on inducing sparse representations. Further, we shift from sparsity-inducing to sparsity-leveraging theory and present a novel sampling and graph coarsening framework for (wavelet-)sparse graph signals, inspired by Finite Rate of Innovation (FRI) theory and directly building upon (graph) spline wavelet theory. At its core, the introduced Graph-FRI-framework states that any K-sparse signal residing on the vertices of a circulant graph can be sampled and perfectly reconstructed from its dimensionality-reduced graph spectral representation of minimum size 2K, while the structure of an associated coarsened graph is simultaneously inferred. Extensions to arbitrary graphs can be enforced via suitable approximation schemes. Eventually, gained insights are unified in a graph-based image approximation framework which further leverages graph partitioning and re-labelling techniques for a maximally sparse graph wavelet representation.
Supervisor: Dragotti, Pier Luigi Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral