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Title: Correlation between the expression of integrins and their role in cancer progression : expression pattern of integrins αvβ3, αvβ5 and α5β1 in clinical and experimental tumour samples
Author: Ahmedah, Hanadi Talal A.
ISNI:       0000 0004 6495 4399
Awarding Body: University of Bradford
Current Institution: University of Bradford
Date of Award: 2015
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The integrins play a crucial role in cancer cell proliferation, migration, differentiation, survival and angiogenesis. It has been shown that integrin expression is positively correlated to cancer dissemination, this suggests targeting selected integrins as an anti-metastatic strategy. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of novel antagonists of α5β1, αvβ3 and αvβ5 integrins on cancer cell migration, a key process in tumour cell dissemination. Immunohistochemistry was used to evaluate the expression of α5, αv, β3 and β5 integrin subunits in prostate cancer tissues. Furthermore the expression of these integrin subunits in tumour and normal human head and neck tissues was compared. The expression profile of these integrin subunits in established human cancer cell lines was subsequently evaluated using immunodetection methods in cells and xenograft tumour samples. The effect of integrin inhibition on cell migration was then assessed using neutralizing antibodies against αvβ3, αvβ5, and α5β1 integrins in the scratch-wound healing assay. This assay was then used to evaluate the potential of novel small molecule integrin antagonists in preventing tumour cell migration. In H & N tissues, αvβ3, αvβ5 and α5β1 integrins are extensively expressed in tumour tissues but weakly expressed in normal tissue from the same patient. Further, prostate cancer tissues expressed variable levels of αvβ3, αvβ5 and α5β1 integrins. αvβ3 and αvβ5 integrins were expressed in variable levels in OSC-19, PC-3, DU145, DLD-1, HT-29, HUVEC, MCF-7, MCF-7ADR and M14 human tumour cell lines and in OSC-19, PC-3, HT-29 and MCF-7 xenografts. α5β1 integrin was expressed in all cell lines and xenografts except in MCF-7 cell line and HT-29 cell line and xenograft. Overall, the expression was elevated in xenografts compared to the corresponding cultured cells. Based on the expression profile and ability of cells to migrate, three cell lines (DLD-1 colon, DU145 prostate and OSC-19 HNSCC) were selected as models to further evaluate the potential of novel small molecule integrin antagonists to inhibit cell migration. The cell lines were characterized by using neutralizing antibodies against αvβ3, αvβ5, and α5β1 integrins to determine which of these three integrins were primarily involved in tumour cell migration. In DLD-1 and DU145, blocking αvβ5 and αvβ3 significantly inhibited migration, whilst the migration of OSC-19 was 50% inhibited by a multi-integrin inhibitor combination. Among the antagonists, ICT9055 and ICT9072 significantly decreased DLD-1 cell migration by 70% and 60% respectively while ICT9023, ICT9024, and ICT9026 significantly decreased DU145 cell migration by 60%, 60% and 50% respectively. The findings suggest that single integrin inhibition is not sufficient to prevent cell migration whereas dual or multiple inhibition is more effective. Two novel anti-migratory agents were identified in colon cancer and three in prostate cancer which would warrant further investigation.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Princess Nora Bint Abdul Rahman University
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Integrins ; Protein expression ; Migration ; Tumour cells survival ; Cancer cells ; Immunohistochemistry