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Title: Computer graphics simulation of organic and inorganic optical and morphological appearance changes
Author: Frerichs, Dhana
ISNI:       0000 0004 6495 0726
Awarding Body: Bournemouth University
Current Institution: Bournemouth University
Date of Award: 2017
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Organic bodies are subject to internal biological, chemical and physical processes as well as environmental interactions after death, which cause significant structural and optical changes. Simulating corpse decomposition and the environmental effects on its surface can help improve the realism of computer generated scenes and provide the impression of a living, dynamic environment. The aim of this doctorate thesis is to simulate post mortem processes of the human body and their visual effects on its appearance. The proposed method is divided into three processes; surface weathering due to environmental activities, livor mortis and natural mummification by desiccation. The decomposing body is modelled by a layered model consisting of a tetrahedral mesh representing the volume and a high resolution triangle surface mesh representing the skin. A particle-based surface weathering approach is employed to add environmental effects. The particles transport substances that are deposited on the object’s surface. A novel, biologically-inspired blood pooling simulation is used to recreate the physical processes of livor mortis and its visual effects on the corpse’s appearance. For the mummification, a physically-based approach is used to simulate the moisture diffusion process inside the object and the resulting de- formations of the volume and skin. In order to simulate the colouration changes associated with livor mortis and mummification, a chemically-based layered skin shader that considers time and spatially varying haemoglobin, oxygen and moisture contents is proposed. The suggested approach is able to model changes in the internal structure and the surface appearance of the body that resemble the post mortem processes livor mortis, natural mummification by desiccation and surface weathering. The surface weathering approach is able to add blemishes, such as rust and moss, to an object’s surface while avoiding inconsistencies in deposit sizes and dis- continuities on texture seams. The livor mortis approach is able to model the pink colouration changes caused by blood pooling, pressure induced blanching effects, fixation of hypostasis and the purple discolouration due to oxygen loss in blood. The mummification method is able to reproduce volume shrinkage effects caused by moisture loss, skin wrinkling and skin darkening that are comparable to real mummies.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available