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Title: Some opertaing characteristics of novel ignition devices for hydrocarbon/air mixtures
Author: Waterson, Keith
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 1973
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An introduction to the problems of ignition in the petrol and gas turbine engine is given. Two new ignition devices are considered for their suitability to overcome these problems and a series of experiments were performed to evaluate their relative merits. The use of a laser spark and the development of a plasma plug igniter were compared with sparks of variable energy produced between two electrodes. A simple combustion chamber was used for the experiments and ionisation probes were used to follow the propagation of the flame from the ignition source and through the gaseous mixtures. Samples of the combustion products were taken and the results for the three mixture ratios are presented. The performances of the three ignition methods are presented by plotting the flame speeds observed from the ignition sources as functions of energy. Practical considerations eliminate the use of the laser as an ignition method but the plasma plug could be used for automotive applications if some control of the energy was exercised. The gas turbine engine appears to be the most likely application of the plasma plug as it offers greater penetration into the combustion chamber than current surface discharge igniters.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available