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Title: PT symmetry and exceptional points in metamaterials
Author: Gear, James Manning
ISNI:       0000 0004 6494 3315
Awarding Body: University of Birmingham
Current Institution: University of Birmingham
Date of Award: 2017
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Parity-Time (PT) symmetry has recently received much attention as a promising alternative to the condition of Hermiticity. PT symmetric systems have two distinct phases where behaviour is split between Hermitian evolution where it has real eigenvalues and non-Hermitian evolution where it has complex eigenvalues. At the crossover between these two phases, there is an exceptional point: a special kind of eigenvalue degeneracy unique to non-Hermitian system which can result in interesting properties. In this thesis, we will first review the field of metamaterials and show how they can be used to design electromagnetic potentials. We will also review the current understanding of PT symmetry and its associated effects in electromagnetism. We will then develop a new form of parity operator which can be used in conjunction with the time-reversal operator to derive new conditions on the constitutive matrix. This parity operator will then be used to understand the link between PT symmetry and exceptional points with experimental support from a metamaterial system. We will additionally look at some other applications of PT symmetry, specifically in the context of lasing and absorption, and attempt to design a structure which uses this symmetry.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QC Physics