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Title: The formation and influence of 'Pwyllgor Diogelu Diwylliant Cymru' and 'Undeb Cymru Fydd' : language and cultural preservation in Wales, c.1939-50
Author: Hanks, M. A.
ISNI:       0000 0004 6498 7342
Awarding Body: Prifysgol Bangor University
Current Institution: Bangor University
Date of Award: 2017
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On 31 August 1939, with Europe on the brink of the most devastating conflict in history, the British Government, under the auspices of the Ministry of Health, initiated ‘Operation Pied Piper’, the evacuation of 1.5 million civilians from the major cities of Britain. This measure was designed to protect the most vulnerable in British society (notably children, pregnant mothers and the disabled) from the dangers of the expected aerial bombardment. A further two million people made private arrangements to evacuate their dependants to more rural and ‘safer’ areas of Britain during the same period. This and other government wartime measures to protect the British nation state resulted in a mass influx of ‘outsiders’ into Wales. Saunders Lewis, the pre-war President of the Plaid Genedlaethol Cymru (Welsh Nationalist Party), argued that this movement of people threatened to ‘completely submerge and destroy all of Welsh national tradition.’ Like Lewis, many contemporaries feared that the war would endanger Wales’s ‘very existence’ and the ‘distinctive civilisation’ referred to by Zimmern, would be lost forever. 49.9 percent of the population, claimed to be able to speak Welsh, while 15 percent were monoglot Welsh speakers. These figures represent the high point in number of speakers of the language in the twentieth century. Over the next three decades many parts of Wales experienced a decline in the number of Welsh speakers, which, by 1931, resulted in only 37 percent registered as Welsh speakers.
Supervisor: Edwards, Andrew ; Wiliam, Mari Sponsor: Bangor University
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available