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Title: Spectrum sharing in the spatial domain
Author: Yngvesson, H. E.
ISNI:       0000 0004 6494 7885
Awarding Body: University of Surrey
Current Institution: University of Surrey
Date of Award: 2017
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The problem of spectrum sharing by exploiting the spatial domain is investigated in this thesis. The ultimate purpose of such a scheme is to mitigate the under-utilization of the scarce spectrum resource. By taking into account the availability of multiple antennas at the communicating nodes, an additional level of freedom can be exploited. Multiple-input multiple-output antenna systems have previously been shown to hold great promise: a linear growth in capacity without bandwidth expansion, enhanced transmission reliability using for instance space-time codes, and effective interference handling. The question of how these properties can be harnessed is explored by considering two perspectives: no cooperation and cooperation between users. For the cooperative scenario, a spatial-domain interweave spectrum sharing scheme is introduced that enables opportunistic transmission at a controlled cost to the license holders. The proposed scheme demonstrates three excellent characteristics: that exploitation of the spatial domain allows opportunistic communication in a “spatial hole,” that spectrum sharing is effectively enabled by inter-tier cooperation, and finally that in this scenario spatial-domain interweave is feasible with a “small” (as compared to the number of receive antennas at the incumbent) number of transmit antennas. In essence, this opens the possibility of the incumbents’ performance to be traded against opportunistic transmission. In the non-cooperative scenario, a spectrum sharing model between a small and large MU-MIMO system is proposed and analysed. The significant service antenna number asymmetry poses unique challenges and opportunities. In the limit of an infinite number of service antennas at one of the access point, the interference and noise power tends to zero and the transmit power can also be scaled back accordingly. These traits seem ideal for use in a spectrum sharing scenario, but in the present case with the coexistence of a conventional MIMO system and with a finite number of service antennas, how will the system behave? The resulting interference scenario is analysed explicitly both in the uplink and downlink, assuming linear receive and transmit equalizers, respectively. Characterization of the mean SINR operating point and required transmit power are presented, and concise transmit power scaling laws are derived. The scaling laws offer insight into how the system behaves with the number of service antennas and system load.
Supervisor: Ma, Yi Sponsor: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available