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Title: Wet granulated liquisolid drug delivery systems with hydrophobic and hydrophilic drugs
Author: Javaheri, Hoda
ISNI:       0000 0004 6499 733X
Awarding Body: University of Sunderland
Current Institution: University of Sunderland
Date of Award: 2017
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The formulation of hydrophobic drugs into appropriate dosage forms is challenging due to the problems associated with those drugs such as low solubility and poor dissolution. Using a liquisolid system is a promising method to improve the dissolution of hydrophobic drugs and in sustaining the release of hydrophilic drugs, in which solid drugs are dispersed in non-volatile liquid vehicles. The aim of this research was to use the liquisolid technique to enhance the dissolution rate of glibenclamide, a model hydrophobic drug, and to sustain the release of metformin-HCl, as a model hydrophilic drug. The wet granulation process was applied to liquisolid powders with the aim of overcoming issues of poor powder flowability and compressibility, especially using high viscosity liquid vehicles. This process was performed with liquisolid powders prior to compaction into tablets. Different liquisolid formulations were prepared using three liquid vehicles (polyethylene glycol400 (PEG® 400), Synperonic® PE/L44 and Cremophor® ELP), at 10 and 30 % w/w drug concentrations for glibenclamide; and 30% and 60% w/w drug concentrations for metformin-HCl. Avicel®PH102 was used as a carrier, whilst colloidal silicon dioxide was employed as a coating material to convert the wet mixtures into dry powders. Potato starch, 5% w/w, as a disintegrant was blended with the mixtures manually for 10 minutes and then 0.75% of magnesium stearate as a lubricant was added and mixed for 5 minutes. The final powder (depending on its flowability and compactability) was then compacted automatically using a single-punch tableting machine to give tablets with 4 mg for glibenclamide and 40 mg for metformin-HCl. Prepared liquisolid compacts were characterized by using British Pharmacopeia quality control tests: uniformity of weight, friability, disintegration, hardness and drug dissolution. iii It was found, for both drugs, that by application of wet granulation to liquisolid powder admixtures, the large-scale production of liquisolid compacts is feasible, which can be easily adapted to the pharmaceutical industry. In addition to enhancing the flowability and compressibility of the powders, the glibenclamide dissolution was also improved due to the enhanced binding of particles and because of the wetting effect of liquid vehicles on the hydrophobic drug, which make the drug more available for dissolution. For the sustained release preparations of liquisolid metformin-HCl, hydroxyl propyl cellulose (HPC) was used as a novel carrier in liquisolid compacts. The results showed 92% drug release after 12 hours using Cremophor®ELP (with 30% w/w drug concentration) which was the best sustained drug release formulation. Additionally, Eudragit® RL30D and Eudragit® RLPO have been used to study their effects on drug release from liquisolid formulations, examining if they can sustain or give more rapid drug release. Both types of Eudragit revealed immediate release with metformin-HCl rather than sustained drug release, with the tablets disintegrating within seconds. This suggests formulating orodispersible metformin-HCl tablets using Eudragit® RL30D as a liquid vehicle. In summary, liquisolid technology has led to promising results, not only in enhancing the drug dissolution of hydrophobic drugs, but also in sustaining and promoting the release of hydrophilic drugs.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Biomedical Sciences