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Title: Synthesis and characterisation of new cathode materials for second generation sodium batteries
Author: Munaó, Irene
ISNI:       0000 0004 6498 8265
Awarding Body: University of St Andrews
Current Institution: University of St Andrews
Date of Award: 2017
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This thesis reports exploratory studies on the synthesis and characterisation of new compounds as cathode materials for second generation sodium batteries, with a particular emphasis on preparing new iron-phosphite and molybdenum oxyfluoride cathode materials. Seven different compounds are hereby reported: the sodium iron fluoro-phosphite of formula NaFe₃(HPO₃)₂[(H,F)PO₂OH)₆], the iron-phosphite Fe₂(HPO₃)₃, the sodium iron-phosphite NaFe(H₂PO₃)₄, the sodium iron phosphate NaFe(HPO₄)(H₂PO₄)₂·H₂O and three molybdenum oxyfluoride compounds of formula Na₂MoO₂F₄, KNaMoO₂F₄ and KMoO₂F₃. The synthesis of these compounds was performed by hydrothermal and solvothermal methods at temperatures ranging from 100 °C to 160 °C. The compounds were then fully characterised using the following techniques: single crystal X-ray diffraction (SXD), powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), elemental analysis (EA), infrared spectroscopy (IR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and electrochemical testing. Magnetic properties have also been studied where appropriate.
Supervisor: Lightfoot, Philip Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Sodium batteries ; TK2941.M86 ; Cathodes--Materials ; Storage batteries