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Title: Pharmacological investigations into matrix metalloproteinase-activated anti-tumour prodrugs : in vitro metabolic and pharmacological investigations into a series of colchicine-based peptide prodrugs activated by tumour-expressed matrix metalloproteinases
Author: Youssef, Ahmed Mohamed Mohamed
ISNI:       0000 0004 6498 6331
Awarding Body: University of Bradford
Current Institution: University of Bradford
Date of Award: 2014
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Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play a significant role in degrading the extracellular matrix in cancer development and metastasis. Overexpression of matrix metalloproteinases in tumour tissues relative to normal tissues has been exploited as a target for peptide-based therapeutics, to improve therapeutic index of currently used agents. The stability of MMP-activated prodrugs in normal tissue or organs is a significant challenge for their success in the clinic. In an in vitro study, the stability of twenty six prodrugs was studied in mouse liver, kidney, lung and tumour homogenates using HPLC and LC/MS. Selected agents were studied in vivo. Each prodrug has a characteristic amino acid sequence with dominant FITC N-terminal end cap. All prodrugs were conjugated to a colchicine derivative (ICT 2552) which is a vascular disrupting agent causing tumour vasculature shutdown and consequently, tumour necrosis. ICT 3146, ICT 3019, ICT 3120 and ICT 3115 prodrugs showed significant stability in normal tissues and considerable activation in certain tumour tissues compared to the lead compound ICT 2588. Also, the selectivity of promising prodrugs to the MMP family was confirmed by using leupeptin (serine, cysteine and threonine protease inhibitor), pepstatin A (aspartate protease inhibitor), phosphoramidon (nepralysin inhibitor), ilomastat (metalloproteinase inhibitor) and BML-P115 (matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor). Moreover, members of the MMP family responsible for cleaving the selected prodrugs were identified using recombinant MMP enzymes. Furthermore, a LC/MS-MS method was developed to specifically detect and quantify MMP-16 protein expression in H460 tumour. MMP- 16 was responsible for the cleavage of ICT 3146 and ICT 3115. Therefore, MMPactivated prodrugs could be a useful therapeutic approach to avoid off-site toxicities of currently used anti-tumour agents.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Matrix Metalloproteinases ; Membrane Type Matrix Metalloproteinases ; Cancer ; Prodrug ; Drug metabolism ; Colchicine ; Peptide-based therapeutics