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Title: Changes in inequality of educational opportunity : a cross-national comparison and the long-term development in Germany
Author: Blossfeld, Pia
ISNI:       0000 0004 6499 4796
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2016
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This thesis provides a long-term cross-national comparison of changes in educational at-tainment and a detailed longitudinal analysis of the changes in inequality of educational opportunity in East and West Germany. Using data from the 2011 PIAAC study, the the-sis examines how a different focus on equality (equality of condition and equality of op-portunity) in different welfare regimes reveals cross-national variations in educational expansion, the association between educational background and educational attainment and the change in this association over time. Based on longitudinal data from the NEPS, the thesis then focuses on how far educational reforms have changed the character of the old clear-cut divisions between academic and vocational tracks in lower and upper sec-ondary school as well as in the landscape of higher education in East and West Germany. The empirical findings indicate that educational expansion and educational inequality vary significantly across welfare regimes and over time. In Germany, I find strong and persistent associations between family resources and the probability of making the transi-tion from primary school to the academic track. Educational reforms in lower secondary school did not provide more openness between the non-academic and academic tracks in Germany. However, reforms in the vocational education and training system have in-creased the permeability between tracks tremendously, so that the vocational and academ-ic tracks are much more integrated today. More permeability is, however, not connected with more educational equalities. Overall, educational inequality in the attainment of a tertiary degree has remained surprisingly stable across birth cohorts.
Supervisor: Mills, Colin Sponsor: German National Academic Foundation
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available