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Title: Burdens of a creditor nation : business elites and the transformation of US trade policy, 1917-62
Author: Huempfer, Sebastian
ISNI:       0000 0004 6498 7318
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2016
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My research seeks to explain the evolution of trade policy debates among American business leaders between World War I and the 1960s. The key finding is that a new framework for discussing trade policy was widely adopted after the United States became a creditor nation during World War I. This framework related tariffs and imports to exports, international lending and American foreign policy. High levels of imports ceased to be a threat and instead came to be seen as a pre-requisite for high levels of exports and a well-functioning global economy; raising the levels of imports, including through tariff cuts, became a strategy for providing American allies and debtors with dollar revenues. This new insight into the political economy of American foreign economic policy is based on new evidence from the archival records of business associations and a wide range of other primary and secondary sources. In addition to bringing to light new evidence, my research also addresses some of the gaps that still exist in the literature on the history of the foreign economic policy of the United States, the Cold War and transatlantic relations.
Supervisor: O'Rourke, Kevin Sponsor: Economic and Social Research Council
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: business interest groups ; Planning ; GATT ; foreign aid ; Marshall Plan ; Postwar Europe ; political economy ; Cold War ; international trade ; World War II ; American history ; trade policy ; balance of payments ; business history ; Economic history