Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.729832
Title: Hybrid remediation strategies for industrial effluents
Author: Thill, Patrick
ISNI:       0000 0004 6497 9422
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2017
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Abstract:
Many industrial effluents are toxic, difficult to treat and contain potentially valuable resources. Current treatment methods are expensive and unsustainable. Bioprocessing is a promising alternative, but poses multiple challenges due to the chemically complex nature and high variability of different industrial effluents. As a result, it benefits from being combined with advanced oxidation processes. In this study, the potential benefit of coupling bioprocessing with nanoscale zero-valent iron and electron beam treatment was examined. Both processes have shown great promise individually in environmental applications but have not previously been applied in a hybrid system. This triple combination proved to be an effective approach when tested against two recalcitrant metalworking fluids, a textile dyeing effluent and a distillery wastewater. Strategies to remediate the different industrial effluents included a selection of key performance indicators and their amalgamation into a novel remediation index to assess treatment effectiveness. The different treatments were optimised both individually and in combination. Hybrid sequential e-beam, bioprocessing and nanoscale zero-valent iron treatment followed by bioprocessing synergistically detoxified both metalworking fluids and reduced their chemical oxygen demand (COD) by 92.8 ± 1.4 % and 68.4 ± 1.6 % respectively. E-beam pre-treatment of the met- alworking fluids enabled high-COD bioprocessing at the expense of residence time. Hybrid treatment also remediated the textile dyeing wastewater achieving a 99.4 ± 0.4 % reduction in colour, a 54.6 ± 6.1 % reduction in COD, a 89.0 ± 3.5 % reduction in sulphate and a 67.7 ± 4.2 % reduction in total nitrogen. E-beam treatment also enabled the recovery of copper from a distillery wastewater, whilst proving to have significant potential for the disinfection of industrial effluents post-bioprocessing. Overall process economics, footprint and sustainability were evaluated on a lab-scale and estimated for an industrial-scale implementation. The scope for improvements in the hybrid treatment system is discussed and suggests that future implementations of novel hybrid processes could provide tailor-made solutions for sustainable in situ treatment of a wide range of industrial effluents.
Supervisor: Thompson, Ian Sponsor: Clarendon Fund
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.729832  DOI: Not available
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