Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.729828
Title: Reactivation and reinstatement of hippocampal assemblies
Author: van de Ven, Gido
ISNI:       0000 0004 6497 9297
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2017
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Abstract:
New memories are labile, but over time some of them are stabilized. This thesis investigates the network mechanisms in the brain underlying the gradual consolidation of memory representations. Specifically, I performed a causal test of the long-standing hypothesis that the offline reactivation of new, memory-representing cell assemblies supports memory consolidation by stabilizing those assemblies and increasing the likelihood of their later reinstatement - and therefore presumably of memory recall. I performed multi-unit extracellular recordings in the dorsal CA1 region of behaving mice, from which I detected short-timescale (25 ms) co-activation patterns of principal neurons during exploration of open-field enclosures. These cell assembly patterns appeared to represent space as their expression was spatially tuned and environment specific; and these patterns were preferentially reactivated during sharp wave-ripples (SWRs) in subsequent sleep. Importantly, after exposure to a novel - but not a familiar - enclosure, the strength with which an assembly pattern was reactivated predicted its later reinstatement strength during context re-exposure. Moreover, optogenetic silencing of hippocampal pyramidal neurons during on-the-fly detected SWRs during the sleep following exposure to a novel - but again not a familiar - enclosure impaired subsequent assembly pattern reinstatement. These results are direct evidence for a causal role of SWR-associated reactivation in the stability of new hippocampal cell assemblies. Surprisingly, offline reactivation was only important for the stability of a subset of the assembly patterns expressed in a novel enclosure. Optogenetic SWR silencing only impaired the reinstatement of "gradually strengthened" patterns that had had a significant increasing trend in their expression strength throughout the initial exposure session. Consistent with this result, a positive correlation between reactivation and subsequent reinstatement was only found for these gradually strengthened patterns and not for the other, "early stabilized" patterns. An interesting interpretation is that the properties of the gradually strengthened patterns are all consistent with the Hebbian postulate of "fire together, wire together". To enable investigation of the relation between interneurons and principal cell assembly patterns from extracellular recordings, as a final contribution this thesis describes a statistical framework for the unsupervised classification of interneurons based on their firing properties alone.
Supervisor: Dupret, David Sponsor: Medical Research Council
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.729828  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Computational Neuroscience ; Neurosciences ; Sharp-wave ripples (SWRs) ; Reactivation ; Cell assemblies ; Hippocampus ; Memory consolidation
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