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Title: Study of mixed mode electro-optical operations of Ge2Sb2Te5
Author: Hernandez, Gerardo Rodriguez
ISNI:       0000 0004 6499 2643
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2017
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Chalcogenide based Phase Change Materials are currently of great technological interest in the growing field of optoelectronics. Ge2Sb2Te5 (GST) is the most widely studied phase change material, and it has been commercially used in both optical and electronic data storage applications, due to its ability to switch between two different atomic configurations, at high speed and with low power consumption, as well as its high optical and electrical contrast between amorphous and crystalline states. Despite its well-known optical and electrical properties, the operation in combination of optical and electrical domains has not yet been fully investigated. This work studies the operation of GST nano-devices exposed to a combination of optical and electrical stimuli or mixed mode by asking, is it possible to electrically measure an optically induced phase change, or vice versa? If so, how do the optical and electrical responses relate to each other, and is it possible to operate GST with a combination of optical and electrical signals? What are the technical constraints that need to be considered in order to fabricate GST devices that could be operated either optically or electrically? In order to answer these questions, experiments that characterized the optical and electrical responses of GST based nano-devices were performed. It was found that different crystallization mechanisms may have influence in the response, and that the thermal and optical design characteristics of the device play a key role in its operation. Finally a proof of principle, of an opto-electonic memory device that can be read electrically, reset optically and write electrically, is presented. This opens up possibilities for the development of new opto-eloectronic applications such as non-volatile interfaces between future photonics and electronics, high speed optical communication detectors, high speed cameras, artificial retinas and many more.
Supervisor: Bhaskaran, Harish Sponsor: Santander ; CONACYT
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Phase change memory ; Optoelectronics ; Nano fabrication ; GST ; GST(225) ; Nano-devices ; Ge2Sb2Te5 ; Phase Change Materials ; Mixed mode electro-optic operation