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Title: Higher education expansion and graduate labour market outcomes in Spain : overqualification and its discontents
Author: Osseiran, Ghia
ISNI:       0000 0004 6498 9225
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2017
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This is a mixed methods study about graduate educational and skill mismatch in Spain. The study examines the evolution of graduate mismatch at the macro level, investigating changes in the number of tertiary graduates vis-à-vis-the number of high-skilled jobs in the economy. The proliferation in the share of graduates unable to find high-skilled jobs in Spain has accentuated policy concerns that the number of graduates has increased faster than the number of high-skilled occupations available. Graduates are consequently "bumped down" the occupational ladder and forced to take up lower-skilled jobs, a situation defined in this thesis as occupational drifting down. The first part of this thesis is dedicated to exploring the determinants of graduate labour market mismatch, with focus on the influence of educational track and field of study on the probability of graduate employment and occupational drifting down. Drawing on the Spanish Labour Force Survey for 2006 and 2012, this study provides an original analysis of the determinants of employment and occupational drifting down among Spanish graduates, employing logistic models to evaluate the influence of personal, educational and occupational characteristics. The fact that these graduates are employed in jobs that one generation ago were occupied by non-graduates, however, does not automatically indicate that the demands of these occupations has remained the same. Since job content is not fixed, the quantitative methods employed in this thesis alone are insufficient to determine the skill requirements of occupations and changes in job content over time. This study, therefore, uses the multiple-case study approach to investigate changing skill requirements within occupations. To this end, 50 in-depth interviews with senior managers and graduates in the retail banking and retail trade industries were conducted in Spain between January 2015 and March 2016. In gaining proximity to the real-life context of graduate mismatch in the workplace, this study seeks to advance scholarship on graduate skills utilization and hiring trends at the sectoral level, providing novel insight into the changing skill requirements of two industries in Spain. In this way, this study fills a research gap, as sectoral case studies are sparse in the literature (Caroli et al., 2008; Elias and Purcell, 2004; Mason, 2002; Green and McIntosh, 2002, Knights and McCabe, 1998, Mason, 1996), particularly for Spain.
Supervisor: Mayhew, Ken ; Holmes, Craig Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available