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Title: Complexity of mixed equilibria in Boolean games
Author: Ianovski, Egor
ISNI:       0000 0004 6496 0721
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2016
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Boolean games are a succinct representation of strategic games wherein a player seeks to satisfy a formula of propositional logic by selecting a truth assignment to a set of propositional variables under his control. The difficulty arises because a player does not necessarily control every variable on which his formula depends, hence the satisfaction of his formula will depend on the assignments chosen by other players, and his own choice of assignment will affect the satisfaction of other players' formulae. The framework has proven popular within the multiagent community and the literature is replete with papers either studying the properties of such games, or using them to model the interaction of self-interested agents. However, almost invariably, the work to date has been restricted to the case of pure strategies. Such a focus is highly restrictive as the notion of randomised play is fundamental to the theory of strategic game - even very simple games can fail to have pure-strategy equilibria, but every finite game has at least one equilibrium in mixed strategies. To address this, the present work focuses on the complexity of algorithmic problems dealing with mixed strategies in Boolean games. The main result is that the problem of determining whether a two-player game has an equilibrium satisfying a given payoff constraint is NEXP-complete. Based on this result, we then demonstrate that a number of other decision problems, such as the uniqueness of an equilibrium or the satisfaction of a given formula in equilibrium, are either NEXP or coNEXP-complete. The proof techniques developed in the course of this are then used to show that the problem of deciding whether a given profile is in equilibrium is coNP#P-hard, and the problem of deciding whether a Boolean game has a rational-valued equilibrium is NEXP-hard, and whether a two-player Boolean game has an irrationalvalued equilibrium is NEXP-complete. Finally, we show that determining whether the value of a two-player zero-sum game exceeds a given threshold is EXP-complete.
Supervisor: Ong, Luke Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available