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Title: Dynamics of matter wave packets in the presence of time-dependent absorption
Author: Barbier, Maximilien
ISNI:       0000 0004 6499 9706
Awarding Body: Northumbria University
Current Institution: Northumbria University
Date of Award: 2017
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Atom-laser interaction is at the heart of the vibrant field of quantum optics. The dynamical properties of a moving atom submitted to a laser radiation are strongly influenced by the position- and time-dependence of the latter. The full physical state of the atom must include information about the centre-of-mass motion and the internal structure of the atom. It is challenging to obtain a complete description of the full state of the atom. However, there exists an alternative approach to the dynamics of an atom in the presence of a laser, which is based on the concept of matter-wave absorption. In this thesis, we theoretically study the nonrelativistic one-dimensional motion of an electrically neutral quantum particle in the presence of a thin time-dependent absorber, representing the laser radiation. Our aim is to better understand the precise connection between time-dependent matter-wave absorption and the interaction between an atom and a localised time-dependent laser. Our analysis is based on two different approaches to the problem. The first one describes the moving atom by a two-level system, and represents the laser radiation by an off-diagonal δ-potential. The second model treats the atom as a structureless particle, and describes the laser by a time-dependent absorbing barrier. While the former model can be derived from first principles, the treatment of the absorbing barrier in the latter model lacks a rigorous quantum mechanical justification. The main outcome of our work is to provide a solid physical ground for the absorber model, by explicitly connecting it to the δ-potential model. We have thus extended the range of theoretical tools useful for investigating the effects of time-dependent laser radiation on quantum matter.
Supervisor: Goussev, Arseni Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: F300 Physics ; G100 Mathematics