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Title: Spatial and human factors affecting image quality and viewer experience of stereoscopic 3D in television and cinema
Author: Hands, Paul
ISNI:       0000 0004 6499 8332
Awarding Body: Newcastle University
Current Institution: University of Newcastle upon Tyne
Date of Award: 2017
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The horizontal offset in the two eyes’ locations in the skull means that they receive slightly different images of the world. The visual cortex uses these disparities to calculate where in depth different objects are, absolutely (physical distance from the viewer, perceived very imprecisely) and relatively (whether one object is in front of another, perceived with great precision). For well over a century, stereoscopic 3D (S3D) technology has existed which can generate an artificial sense of depth by displaying images with slight disparities to the different retinas. S3D technology is now considerably cheaper to access in the home, but remains a niche market, partly reflecting problems with viewer experience and enjoyment of S3D. This thesis considers some of the factors that could affect viewer experience of S3D content. While S3D technology can give a vivid depth percept, it can also lead to distortions in perceived size and shape, particularly if content is viewed at the wrong distance or angle. Almost all S3D content is designed for a viewing angle perpendicular to the screen, and with a recommended viewing distance, but little is known about the viewing distance typically used for S3D, or the effect of viewing angle. Accordingly, Chapter 2 of this thesis reports a survey of members of the British public. Chapters 3 and 4 report two experiments, one designed to assess the effect of oblique viewing, and another to consider the interaction between S3D and perceived size. S3D content is expensive to generate, hence producers sometimes “fake” 3D by shifting 2D content behind the screen plane. Chapter 5 investigates viewer experience with this fake 3D, and finds it is not a viable substitute for genuine S3D while also examining whether viewers fixate on different image features when video content is viewed in S3D, as compared to 2D.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: BSkyB ; EPSRC
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available