Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Interference of central metabolism (TCA cycle) to influence CHO cell productivity
Author: Dhami, Neha
ISNI:       0000 0004 6499 1739
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2017
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
This PhD project explored the role of tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle enzymes in regulating Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell metabolism with respect to growth and recombinant protein expression. It was hypothesised that regulation of central metabolism can influence CHO cell productivity in terms of biomass and protein production. Thus the aim of these studies was to identify the key metabolic reactions of the TCA cycle associated with growth and protein expression in CHO cells. The gene expression of all TCA cycle genes was independently knocked-down using RNAi technology. The small interfering RNA (siRNA) mediated silencing of 11 TCA cycle genes significantly reduced cellular growth along with a decline in adenylate energy charges and an increase in catabolic reduction charges. The gene profiling of glucose and amino acid metabolism (not targeted by siRNA) suggested siRNA mediated knock-down of targeted TCA cycle genes led to cellular stress along with an enhanced rate of glycolysis leading to channelling of glucose for the generation of pyruvate. For the purpose of estimating intracellular metabolites, quenching and extraction method using ammonium bicarbonate and methanol was optimised to use with UCB CHO-K1 cell line and static transient siRNA transfections. A gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis post-silencing of the aconitase gene, which catalyses the conversion of citrate to isocitrate in the TCA cycle, yielded higher MS peak intensities of at least four metabolites (gluconic acid, lysine, threonine and leucine) 72 h post-transfection in comparison to the controls. Transient knock-down of gene expression of seven TCA cycle genes in a recombinant stable cell line (expressing a rabbit monoclonal antibody) reduced cellular growth and altered the energy charges leading to a decline in antibody expression. Although silencing of the pyruvate dehydrogenase E1 gene, which is the component of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex connecting glycolysis to the TCA cycle, did not affect cell viability, a reduction in antibody expression was recorded. Seven TCA cycle genes which demonstrated the most significant effect on cellular growth and energy charges were transiently over-expressed along with a monoclonal antibody in CHO-K1 cells with addition of their corresponding preceding intermediates. No differences in protein expression and cell specific productivity were observed compared to the control transfections. These results could be due to limitations of the effects of transient transfections for enhancing the metabolic activity of CHO cells. The aconitase gene demonstrated the most significant effect on CHO cell growth and proliferation in this study, therefore this gene was proposed as a novel selection marker for a metabolic selection system for the generation of recombinant therapeutics. This PhD project also established metabolite analysis tools and siRNA protocols for future metabolomic studies for investigating the intracellular CHO metabolism. The findings validated the hypothesis that TCA cycle plays an important role in CHO cell growth and recombinant protein production. The key metabolic genes affecting cellular growth and altering energy metabolism can be further explored for generation of an energy efficient CHO host-cell line (by over-expression of key TCA cycle genes) for enhanced recombinant protein production.
Supervisor: Goodacre, Royston Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: CHO cells ; TCA cycle ; siRNA