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Title: Mixed ionic-electronic conductors in gas separation applications
Author: Chen, Guannan
ISNI:       0000 0004 6497 658X
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2016
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Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3-delta (BSCF) and SrCo0.48Fe0.12Ti0.4O3-delta (SCFT) were synthesised by co-precipitation. BSCF was pressed and sintered at 1100℃ for 10 hours to pellets (relative density: 93%) from which X-ray diffraction (XRD) revealed single Pm-3m phase (a=3.9782 A). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed clear equiaxed grains (grain size 33 ± 16 micro metre). The pellets were decomposed in 7 ± 1 % CO2/N2 at 800℃ for 1 to 30 minutes. XRD confirmed secondary phases: R-3mH phase (a=b=5.1397 A, c=9.4847 A) and Fm-3m phase (a=4.2490 A). Electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD) ascribed R-3mH and Fm-3m phases to the surface and part of the cross-section precipitates, respectively as revealed by SEM. Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) revealed the compositions of R-3mH and Fm-3m phases to be Ba0.65±0.03Sr0.35±0.03CO3 (BSC) and CoO, respectively. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and EDX revealed the structure (15R, R3m and R-3mH) and composition (Ba0.20Sr0.10Co0.59Fe0.10Ox) of lamellar precipitates in cross-section, suggesting Ba and Sr diffuse from the lamellae to BSC. A unique orientation relation (BSCF {111} // BSC {0001}) was uncovered by EBSD. TEM revealed high symmetry contact planes of lamellae and BSCF, suggesting nucleation energy governs decomposition. Fresh BSCF pellets were decomposed in N2 at 800℃. Fm-3m and P63/mmc phases were confirmed by XRD and lamellae were observed by SEM, followed by decomposition in 7±1 % N2/CO2 at 800℃. XRD revealed higher weight % of BSC and CoO. SEM revealed BSC preferring lamellae, hence hexagonal phases accelerated BSC formation. BSCF pellets were dip coated in SCFT propan-2-ol suspension (3:10), followed by sintering at 1165℃ for 10 hours. XRD revealed a Pm-3m phase (a=3.885 A) and SEM revealed a grain size of 65 ± 9 micro metre and open porosity of 1.6 ± 1 %. They were annealed in 7 ± 1 % CO2/N2 at 800℃. XRD revealed no secondary phases, suggesting enhanced stability. However, oxygen permeability was reduced (1.2 ml/cm2 to 0.8 ml/cm2) because the coating composition changed to Ba0.20Sr0.27Co0.40Fe0.10Ti0.04Ox; this was revealed by EDX.
Supervisor: Hall, David Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Chemistry ; Crystallography ; Decomposition ; EBSD ; EDX ; Hexagonal ; TEM ; CO2 ; BSCF