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Title: Modelling the spatio-temporal dynamic of iIntracellular Ca2+ handling system in cardiac cells
Author: He, Yang
ISNI:       0000 0004 6496 5792
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2017
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The intracellular Ca2+ handling system in a cardiac myocyte is of crucial importance. It regulates the contraction and relaxation of the myocyte during the excitation-contraction (EC) coupling. A normal intracellular Ca2+ handling system keeps the contraction of the heart orderly, which represents a powerful force to pump blood to the whole body. However, disarrayed or remodelled cellular structure associated with the intracellular Ca2+ handling system at the subcellular level, such as loss of T-tubule network in diseased conditions, may promote abnormal cardiac EC coupling, leading to genesis of cardiac arrhythmias impairing cardiac mechanical functions. Up to date, it is still incompletely understood how the intracellular Ca2+ handling system is altered by changes in subcellular structures of Ca2+ handling systems. In this thesis, biophysically detailed computational models for the intracellular Ca2+ handling system of a cardiac cell were developed, providing a powerful platform to investigate the spatio-temporal complexity associated with the intracellular Ca2+ handling, and its role in generating abnormal cardiac EC coupling. First, a well-validated single cell model was used to investigate how the diastolic and systolic Ca2+ concentration responded to alterations in the model parameters related to the Ca2+ handling system, from which the mechanisms underlying the rate-dependence of EC coupling were analysed. Then, a novel single cell model, with a 2D presentation of the spatial structures of subcellular Ca2+ handling and membrane action potential, of a sheep atrial myocyte was developed for simulating the abnormal intracellular Ca2+ regulation system due to the loss of T-tubules during atrial fibrillation. Variant scenarios of T-tubule loss were considered to investigate the role of the T-tubule in affecting the intracellular Ca2+ regulation. Furthermore, membrane currents' alterations due to the electrical remodelling arising from atrial fibrillation were considered together with the loss of T-tubule. Three typical types of abnormal Ca2+ cycling phenomenon, namely intracellular Ca2+ alternans, spontaneous Ca2+ sparks and intracellular Ca2+ waves were observed in AF conditions. The relationship between T-tubule loss, AF-remodelling and the genesis of delayed afterdepolarizations (DADs) was also investigated. It was shown that the loss of T-tubule in AF condition played an important role in disturbing the Ca2+ regulation system, which increases the risk for a cell to generate impaired contraction.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: T-tubule dysfunction ; intracellular Ca2+ regulation ; computational model