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Title: Cinemas and cinema-going in the United Kingdom : a regional analysis of Belfast and Sheffield, c. 1945-62
Author: Manning, Sam
ISNI:       0000 0004 6425 1474
Awarding Body: Queen's University Belfast
Current Institution: Queen's University Belfast
Date of Award: 2017
Availability of Full Text:
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This thesis examines the localised nature of cinemas and cinema-going between the end of the Second World War and the early 1960s. It provides a comparative analysis of Belfast and Sheffield, two similarly sized industrial cities in the United Kingdom. By following the principles of the ‘new cinema history’, it focuses on cinemas as social spaces and investigates the extent that residents of these two cities constituted distinct cinema-going communities. The thesis argues that place was as great a determinant of cinema-going practices as other factors such as age, class and gender. UK cinema attendance peaked in 1946 with 1.6 billion recorded admissions. In the 1950s, television ownership, population shifts, changes in leisure habits and greater affluence led cinema attendance to decline rapidly. Admissions fell to 395 million in 1962 and many cinemas closed down. While the cinema continued to play a key role in the social life of UK citizens, their engagement with it changed and the composition of the audience altered significantly. This thesis traces this period of decline and examines the social practices of cinema-going, audience preferences, exhibition practices, the impact of television ownership and the pattern of cinema closures. The use of a range of quantitative and qualitative sources, such as local newspapers, box-office statistics, tax records and oral history testimony, provides new evidence on the diversity of cinema-going experiences and the decline in admissions. The emphasis on local sources shows how changes in cinemas and cinema-going were experienced and perceived in local contexts. This thesis expands the geographical range of cinema-going studies and contrasts experiences of cinema attendance in different parts of the United Kingdom.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available