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Title: Enclosure and survival : common land in the Buckinghamshire Chilterns c.1600 - c.1900
Author: Kerner, Frances
ISNI:       0000 0004 6424 5373
Awarding Body: Lancaster University
Current Institution: Lancaster University
Date of Award: 2016
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The subject of this thesis is the former extent and survival of ‘common land’, the manorial waste over which certain people had rights to take specific natural resources. It is a regional study comprising 46 parishes in the Chiltern Hills (hereafter the Chilterns), a region distinguished by extensive woodland and early enclosure. Despite parliamentary enclosure in the Chilterns being responsible for the transformation of many parts of the waste into private property with associated common rights extinguished, several areas survive today. However, assessing the extent of the waste before parliamentary enclosure has relied mainly upon official estimates which are unreliable and inconsistent in terminology. Using a variety of sources, this study shows that the extent of the waste before parliamentary enclosure was greater than previously understood. The reconstruction also reaffirms the close association of the waste with tracks^ droveways and roads. Using a case-study approach and employing a framework based around concepts developed by the late political scientist Elinor Ostrom, the second part of the thesis explores the role of governance in explaining s urvival of the waste. Drawing on her extensive fieldwork, Ostrom suggested that survival of modern-day common resources was predicated on robust governance being able to withstand a series of threats. The case studies show that while elements of Ostrom’s work are useful in understanding pathways leading to survival and enclosure, a variety of additional social, economic, commercial and cultural factors are responsible for shaping outcomes.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available