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Title: An examination of the relationships between patterns of attachment, self-esteem, social problem-solving and drinking behaviour in problem drinkers
Author: Schulze-Henning, Daniela
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 2011
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Introduction. Early psychological and environmental factors appear to play an important role in the development of alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence and increasing self-esteem and problem-solving abilities is often the aim of psychological interventions for these problems. The purpose of this study was to examine parental bonding, self-esteem and problem solving in alcohol-dependent individuals, using multi-dimensional measures. Method. An inpatient sample from a specialist treatment facility consisting of 90 volunteers who completed questionnaires focusing on alcohol consumption (Timeline Followback), alcohol-related problems (Alcohol Problems Questionnaire), self-esteem (The Self- Liking/Competence Scale [Revised]), social problem solving (Social Problem Solving Inventory [Revised]) and perceived parenting (Parental Bonding Instrument). Inclusion/exclusion criteria were applied. The data were analysed using Pearson Correlations and Stepwise Regression. Results. Alcohol problems were related to maternal parenting patterns but not paternal parenting patterns. A significant negative relationship was found between social problem solving and alcohol problems; a positive significant relationship was found between alcohol problems and the dysfunctional styles of social problem solving (Negative Problem Orientation, Impulsivity/Carelessness Style, Avoidance Style). Both aspects of self-esteem were significantly related to parental care, social problem solving and alcohol-related problems. The hypothesised role of self-esteem as a mediator between Maternal Care and alcohol problems, and between social problem solving and alcohol problems, was not supported. Conclusions. In problem drinkers, dysfunctional aspects of problem solving and low maternal bonding during childhood and adolescence appear to be related to their alcohol problems. Although a role for self-esteem in the development and maintenance of alcohol problems has been identified, the precise mechanisms through which self-esteem, problem solving and parental bonding are connected with alcohol problems have yet to be established. However, self-esteem and social problem solving need to be considered as important factors when planning treatment options. In addition, the negative effects of drinking alcohol at an early age on problems later in life were discussed.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Clin.Psy.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available