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Title: Reading Eve and Mary in the poetry of Carmen Conde and Ángela Figuera
Author: Franco, Elisangela Abadia
ISNI:       0000 0004 6425 320X
Awarding Body: Queen's University Belfast
Current Institution: Queen's University Belfast
Date of Award: 2017
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During the Spanish Civil War and its aftermath, many Republican writers chose exile over oppression. Carmen Conde (1907-1986) and Ángela Figuera (1902-1984), were among those who remained in Spain and confronted the task of finding a voice for the voiceless. This study offers a sustained analysis of a representative sample of their work, illuminated within a methodological frame work that combines revisionary perspectives of feminist criticism with theories of allegory and reader response, while remaining sensitive to the socio-political contexts in which their work was written. The primary texts at the core of the thesis are: by Conde, Mujer sin Edén (1947) and by Figuera, Mujer de barro (1948), Soria pura (1949), Vencida por el ángel (1950), El grito inútil (1952), Víspera de la vida (1953), Los días duros (1953), Belleza cruel (1958) y Toco la Tierra. Letanías (1962). This thesis argues that Conde and Figuera create a third, feminine, space, in which the voices of Eve and Mary resonate in opposition to dominant discourses of patriarchy. In the work of both poets, though in distinct ways, these maternal figures, so central to the misogynistic rhetoric of Franco’s regime, emerge transformed, with the potential to challenge and redefine views of women and the feminine. The study explores how the female protagonists of politically-charged allegorical environments are constructed in resistance to prevailing anti-feminist imperatives, particularly the pronatalist policies imposed during Franco’s regime. The revised personae of Eve and Mary thus operate as dynamic sites of resistance against a dictatorial discourse that veiled death, violence, rape and hunger. Ultimately, this thesis demonstrates how the objective female body, upon which silence is imposed and techniques of control exerted, becomes in the work of these poets, an articulate, active agent of transgression, a potent counter-narrative in tension with the contemporary politics of silence.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available