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Title: Nonlinear optics in a thermal Rb vapour at high magnetic fields
Author: Whiting, Daniel James
ISNI:       0000 0004 6425 1562
Awarding Body: Durham University
Current Institution: Durham University
Date of Award: 2017
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We present investigations of nonlinear optical phenomena using a ⁸⁷Rb thermal vapour in a high magnetic field. The magnetic field (of strength 0.6~T) separates the optical transitions by more than their Doppler-broadened linewidths. This technique provides a high level of control over thermal-vapour systems, which can be used as a simpler alternative to conventional state-preparation methods such as optical pumping. Using this approach, we study electromagnetically induced transparency in a non-degenerate 3-level ladder system. Finding excellent agreement with the numerically modelled transmission spectra, we are able to directly infer the dipole moment of the 5P₃/₂→5D₅/₂ transition |< 5P₃/₂||er||5D₅/₂ >| = (2.27±0.002_stat±0.04_syst) ea₀. Changing the coupling field to a standing-wave geometry, we observe resonant enhanced absorption: an effect that previously had only been observed in systems involving 4 or more atomic states. We also consider four-wave mixing (FWM) in a diamond level-scheme. Compared to the zero magnetic field case, we find good agreement with the FWM spectra using a simple model, even in the regime of strong laser dressing. Finally, we investigate heralded single-photon generation by spontaneous FWM. With strong laser dressing we observe the appearance of collective quantum beats, a single-photon interference effect due to the relative motion of atoms in a collective spin excitation. A violation of the Cauchy-Schwarz inequality by 6.7 standard deviations is reported.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available