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Title: The effectiveness of European embassies' climate diplomacy with the USA and China
Author: Buchmann, Katrin Annika
ISNI:       0000 0004 6423 974X
Awarding Body: University of Cambridge
Current Institution: University of Cambridge
Date of Award: 2016
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This dissertation focuses on public diplomacy efforts targeted at persuading other countries to strengthen their domestic and international climate change policies. While previous research on climate diplomacy has addressed the global negotiations extensively, the role of embassies and the interplay between diplomats, their partners and the instruments and storylines they employ, has so far not received the scholarly attention it deserves. This is despite the fact that such behind-the-scenes outreach is one of the most promising tools available to engage other states. The dissertation aims to fill this literature gap by examining climate public diplomacy conducted by embassies and consulates of four EU states: the UK, Germany, Sweden and Denmark. The European Union, and these states in particular, were chosen because they have sought to portray themselves as leaders in tackling climate change while undertaking extensive climate diplomacy. The United States and China were chosen as target states since they have been the main focus of EU climate diplomacy, due to their position as the two largest aggregate contributors to climate change. The dissertation addresses public diplomacy in the field of climate change applied to both the federal/national and subnational levels of governance of these states. The main research question tackled by this dissertation is: What role do embassies and consulates play in climate diplomacy, and how effective is this diplomacy? In answering this, the research focuses on identifying environmental discourses and framings of climate change employed by embassies/consulates for different audiences, and assesses the impact of these frames. A central finding was a strong trade and growth orientation of climate diplomacy. The diplomatic network identified industry, especially fossil-fuel intensive businesses, as allies. Some companies that were embassy partners supported climate denial behind the scenes.
Supervisor: Depledge, Joanna Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: climate change ; global warming ; public diplomacy ; embassies ; consulates ; USA ; China ; ALEC ; NGOs ; UNFCCC ; diplomacy ; bureaucracy ; ministries ; renewable energy ; low carbon ; low carbon economy ; green jobs ; metabolic rift ; discourse ; framing ; environmental discourse ; Denmark ; Sweden ; UK ; United Kingdom ; FCO ; Foreign and Commonwealth Office ; Germany ; Beijing ; Washington DC