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Title: Development of reflectance imaging methodologies to investigate super-paramagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles
Author: Guggenheim, Emily Jane
ISNI:       0000 0004 6423 6450
Awarding Body: University of Birmingham
Current Institution: University of Birmingham
Date of Award: 2017
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Engineered nanoparticles, such as super paramagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) offer significant benefits for the development of various diagnostic and therapeutic strategies. Limitations of existing imaging methodologies in the study of NPs, such as the effects of fluorescent labelling and diffraction limited resolution, and the advantages that visualization of spatial localization can offer in studies, increases the demand for new and optimized imaging routines. Reflectance Confocal Microscopy (RCM) methods were optimized and Reflectance Structured Illumination Microscopy (R-SIM) was introduced, offering a two fold increase in resolution - particularly advantageous for NP quantification and localization studies. Analysis routines were developed to enable the automated quantification of NP presence within cells via the different methodologies. Correlative procedures were also established for imaging the same sample with different reflectance methods and TEM, maximizing the information attainable from a single sample and allowing comparisons between the techniques for specific applications. These aforementioned optimized techniques were then applied to the determination of NP uptake and trafficking in cancer cell lines, and, in combination with siRNA, to ascertain proteins that are involved in the uptake process. Studies were also performed to model the degradative process of SPIONs within cellular compartments. This thesis thus provided several important tools for the future assessment of the efficacy and safety of NPs for clinical use, enabling quantitative analysis of uptake route, sub-cellular localization and NP intracellular fate.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QD Chemistry ; QP Physiology