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Title: System design and performance analysis of wireless body area networks
Author: Liao, Yangzhe
ISNI:       0000 0004 6423 1430
Awarding Body: University of Warwick
Current Institution: University of Warwick
Date of Award: 2017
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One key solution to provide affordable and proactive healthcare facilities to overcome the fast world population growth and a shortage of medical professionals is through health monitoring systems capable of early disease detection and real-time data transmission leading to considerable improvements in the quality of human life. Wireless body area networks (WBANs) are proposed as promising approaches to providing better mobility and flexibility experience than traditional wired medical systems by using low-power, miniaturised sensors inside, around, or off the human body and are employed to monitor physiological signals. However, the design of reliable and energy efficient in-body communication systems is still a major research challenge since implant devices are characterised by strict requirements on size, energy consumption and safety. Moreover, there is still no agreement regarding QoS support in WBANs. The first part of this work concentrates on the design and performance evaluation of WBAN communication systems involving the ‘in-body to in-body’ and ‘in-body to on-body’ scenarios. The essential step is to derive the statistical WBAN path loss (PL) models, which characterise the signal propagation energy loss transmitting via intra-body region. Moreover, from the point of view of human body safety evaluation, the obtained specific absorption rate (SAR) values are compared with the latest Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 802.15.6 Task Group technical standard and the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) safety guidelines. Link budget analysis is then presented using a range of energy-efficient modulation schemes, and the results are given including the transmission distance, data rate and transmitting power in individual sections. On the other hand, major quality of service (QoS) support challenges in WBANs are discussed and investigated. To achieve higher lifetime and lower network energy consumption, different data routing protocol methods, including incremental relaying and the two-relay based routing technique are taken into account. A set of key QoS metrics for linear mathematical models is given along with the related subjective functions. The incremental relaying routing protocol promises significant enhancements in in-body WBAN network lifetime by minimising the overall communication distance while the two-relay based routing method achieves better performance in terms of emergency data transmission and high traffic condition, QoS-aware WBANs design. Moreover, to handle real-time high data transmission applications such as capsule endoscope image transmission, a flexible QoS-aware wireless body area sensor networks (WBASNs) model is proposed and evaluated that can bring novel solutions for a realistic multi-user hospital environment regarding information packet collision probability, manageable numbers of sensor nodes and a wide range of data rates.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: University of Warwick
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering