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Title: Skin hydration and solvent penetration measurements by opto-thermal radiometry, aquaflux and fingerprint sensor
Author: Ou, X.
ISNI:       0000 0004 6425 4800
Awarding Body: London South Bank University
Current Institution: London South Bank University
Date of Award: 2014
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The aim of this study is to develop new data analysis techniques and new measurement methodologies for skin hydration and solvent penetration measurements by using Opto-Thermal Transient Emission Radiometry (OTTER), AquaFlux and capacitive contact imaging based on Fingerprint sensor, three novel technologies developed by our research group. This research work is divided into three aspects: the theoretical work, the experimental work and the portable opto-thermal radiometry hardware design work. In the theoretical work, a) an effective image retrieval method based on Gabor wavelet transform has been developed, the results show that it is particularly useful for retrieving the grayscale capacitive skin images; b) an algorithm based on Grey Level Co-occurrence Matrix (GLCM) has been developed to analyze the grayscale capacitive skin images; c) a comparison study of Gabor wavelet transform, Grey level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM) and Principal Component Analysis (PCA) has been conducted in order to understand the performance of each algorithm, and to find out which algorithm is suitable for what type of images. In the opto-thermal radiometry hardware design work, a new, low cost, portable opto-thermal radiometry instrument, based on a broadband Infrared emitter and a room temperature PbS detector, has been designed and developed. The results show that it can work on any unprepared sample surfaces. In the experimental work, various in-vivo and in-vitro measurements were performed in order to study skin hydration and solvent penetration through skin and membranes. The results show that, combined with tape stripping, capacitive skin imaging can be a powerful tool for skin hydration, skin texture and solvent penetration measurements. The effect of three different parameters of Fingerprint sensor and its detection depth are also studied. The outcomes of this work have provided a better understanding for skin hydration and solvent penetration measurements and have generated several publications.
Supervisor: Xiao, P. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral