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Title: Engineering site-specific recombinases for use in synthetic biology
Author: Macfarlane, Hayley Louise
ISNI:       0000 0004 6422 6068
Awarding Body: University of Glasgow
Current Institution: University of Glasgow
Date of Award: 2017
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This project examined whether it was possible to create functional hybrid serine integrases – proteins responsible for recombining DNA in a site-specific manner. Creating hybrid recognition sites, specifically engineered to be recognised by the new integrases, was examined concurrently. Ultimately, new serine integrases and recognition sites were created with the intention of increasing the repertoire of serine integrases available for use as independently functioning modules in synthetic biology assemblies. Experiments were carried out primarily on two groups of hybrid integrases – BxbI integrase and ΦC31 integrase, and the smaller recombinase Tn3 resolvase and ΦC31 integrase. It was determined that either the BxbI integrase/ΦC31 integrase hybrids were not active on hybrid or parental recognition sites, or that the proteins themselves were not expressed at a high enough level to exhibit any activity. However, one ΦC31 integrase/BxbI integrase hybrid did exhibit activity on ΦC31 integrase recognition sites in vivo, though not on hybrid sites. However, Tn3 resolvase/ΦC31 integrase hybrid proteins proved far more promising. The two hybrids exhibited recombination on sites created for them, whilst exhibiting no activity on any parental recognition sites. When both Tn3 resolvase and either hybrid integrase were present in vitro, recombination on combination substrate plasmids containing one copy of the Tn3 resolvase recognition site res site I and one copy of a hybrid recognition site was much higher than for either hybrid against hybrid sites on its own. Additionally, throughout this investigation, it was discovered that ΦC31 integrase cleaved and recombined several sites very dissimilar to its natural attP and attB sites.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QH301 Biology ; QH345 Biochemistry ; QH426 Genetics ; QR Microbiology