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Title: Polymeric drug delivery systems for biological antimicrobial agents
Author: Zhu, Chongyu
ISNI:       0000 0004 6423 827X
Awarding Body: University of Warwick
Current Institution: University of Warwick
Date of Award: 2017
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The objective of this work was to develop suitable delivery systems for biological agents that have antimicrobial activities using biocompatible polymers, aiming to reduce their toxicity when administered. Two biological agents, colistin as an antibacterial agent and nystatin (Nys) as an antifungal agent, are the focus of this thesis as they are potent treatments for current pathogen infections, especially to the multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria/fungi, but have potential toxicity to human. Polymeric drug delivery systems, including prodrug, hydrogel and micelle formulations, have been developed and discussed for their potential as topical and systemic regimes. The majority of the work was focused on the effect of the covalently attachment of synthetic polymers onto the biological agents upon their antimicrobial activities and the toxicity. The conjugation between colistin and polymers was achieved successfully through either irreversible or releasable linkages. Although irreversible polymer modifications on colistin showed no antimicrobial activity (chapter 2), an acceptable antibacterial activity was observed from the polymer-colistin conjugates with a releasable linkage through either ‘grafting-to’ (chapter 3) or ‘grafting-from’ (chapter 4) approaches. On the other hand, even though the pure polymer-Nys conjugate with a releasable imine linkage cannot be obtained due to the nature of the labile imine bond, the crude conjugate showed an excellent antifungal activity and a reduced toxicity compared to the native Nys (chapter 6). Other polymeric delivery systems were also discussed in this thesis. The incorporation of colistin within a developed hydrogel delivery system as an antibacterial patch for burn infections was investigated through in vitro and in vivo studies, showing a similar antibacterial activity as the native colistin solution against MDR Gram-negative bacteria with no systemic toxicity (chapter 5). Finally, an amphiphilic polymer containing boronic acid groups on the side chains was synthesised and used to target the hydroxyl groups on Nys, expecting to build up an environmental responsive micelle through dynamic boronate ester bond (chapter 7). Although more work is still needed, this system showed a potential to improve Nys solubility.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QD Chemistry ; RS Pharmacy and materia medica