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Title: A critical review of evidence for the claims and perceptions of a shortage of science and engineering graduates in the UK
Author: White, Carol
Awarding Body: University of Sussex
Current Institution: University of Sussex
Date of Award: 2017
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After critically reviewing evidence in historical debates of a persistent claim of a declining interest in the sciences, the thesis draws on contemporary HESA data to calculate firstyear STEM intake figures to Higher Education from 2002-03 to 2014-15 to estimate both a level of STEM recruitment and the number of STEM graduates produced after completing a graduate and post graduate programme over the same period. The supply of graduates is then considered against a level of demand estimated through two proxy indicators, the vacancy rate and salary levels for science and technology graduates. An analysis of the recruitment patterns for science and engineering to identify factors a↵ecting recruitment was also conducted. The research study was supplemented with a ‘before and after' survey of the London Youth International Science Forum initiative, to assess its impact on recruitment to STEM subjects. Despite the perception of a shortfall in STEM numbers, the findings show graduate recruitment numbers rising over the period under examination, although a regional variation in supply, and shortfalls in some STEM disciplines, may account for claims of a shortfall in graduate numbers. The contribution to knowledge of this research lies in the in-depth analysis of the student recruitment patterns to Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) in the UK over the period from 2003 to 2015. While the analysis identified several relevant factors: contextual, political and financial acting as constraints to STEM recruitment, nevertheless, the research found no quantitative evidence of a crisis in recruitment.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: LB2300 Higher education ; Q Science (General) ; QA Mathematics ; T Technology ; TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)