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Title: Experimental & computational structural analysis of masonry panels subject to long duration blast loading
Author: Keys, Richard A.
ISNI:       0000 0004 6422 306X
Awarding Body: University of Southampton
Current Institution: University of Southampton
Date of Award: 2016
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Even in simple, quasi-static cases, blast and its interaction with structures is a complex phenomenon. Long duration blast, dened for the purposes of this research as a blast event with a positive phase duration in excess of 100ms, increases this complexity due to not only the persistent eects of the static blast overpressure, but also the dynamic pressure associated with drag wind trailing the shock front. Brittle materials such as concrete and masonry produce large numbers of initial fragments, which when caught in the drag wind produce substantial debris distributions, presenting a number of potential hazards ranging from infrastructure obstruction to personal injury. This research investigates the eects of long duration blast loading of masonry structures, using a modular `Base Panel' approach to descirbe structures as a composition of simple panels. Five experimental blast trials were conducted, testing a total of 22 masonry structures against varying blast parameters. The results showed correlations between both the breakage and debris distributions with respect to panel geometry. Computational Fluid Dynamics and the Applied Element Method were used to model the experimental trials, with the results showing good agreement oering a promising modelling platform for future work. The results, both experimental and computational, demonstrate the `Base Panel' approach to be an eective tool for the prediction of masonry debris distribution.
Supervisor: Clubley, Simon Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available