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Title: Investigating therapeutic strategies in a preclinical model for Alzheimer's disease
Author: Jackson, Joshua D.
ISNI:       0000 0004 6423 5490
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2017
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Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a worldwide, incurable disease, and the most common form of dementia. Numbers of cases are rising, and since its discovery the only approved medications have treated only the symptoms, not the pathological cause. With the cost to society rising, the debilitating nature of the disease and the pressure put on the family members and support network of patients, disease modifying therapies are in dire need. Current models have proven an invaluable tool with which to study certain aspects of the disease and the genetics behind it, however the lack of clinically approved medications in the last 20 years suggests new models are needed. Based on the amyloid cascade hypothesis, this thesis initially characterises two models of β-Amyloid oligomer (Aβo) induced cognitive deficits. Both models are created by ICV injection of soluble Aβo into the brain of rat. The models differ only by the molecular weight of the Aβo 1-42, one, referred to as low molecular weight (LMW) Aβo, with stable dimers, trimers and tetramers, the other, referred to as high molecular weight (HMW) Aβo, consisting of assemblies ranging from ~50 to ~150 kDa. It was found that behavioural deficits were similar between the two, with a robust object recognition deficit, but no working memory deficit. Both models also showed a deficit in the synaptic marker PSD-95; however the LMW Aβo caused a deficit in the frontal cortex, whereas the HMW Aβo caused a hippocampal deficit. The role of the cellular prion protein (PrPC) was explored, by blocking its binding to Aβo with the antibody 6D11. Interestingly the two models showed different results. The HMW Aβo deficits were completely blocked by the 6D11 application, however the LMW Aβo deficits were only partially prevented. Finally, Fasudil, a vasodilator approved in parts of Asia, was used to inhibit Rho-kinase, showing a prevention of the cognitive deficits in the HMW Aβo model. The results of this thesis show the ICV administration of Aβo to be a useful model for investigating the effects of Aβo, provides a platform with which to study the differing effects of Aβo with different oligomeric assemblies, and a model to test therapeutic strategies with relevance to AD.
Supervisor: Harte, Michael Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Alzheimer ; Disease Model ; Amyloid