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Title: Through-thickness microstructure and mechanical properties of electron beam similar welded AISI 316L stainless steel and dissimilar welded AISI 316L/Ti6Al4V
Author: Alali, M.
ISNI:       0000 0004 6421 9722
Awarding Body: University of Sheffield
Current Institution: University of Sheffield
Date of Award: 2017
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Through thickness microstructure and mechanical properties of defect-free electron beam welded 20 mm thick AISI 316L austenitic stainless steel has been investigated as a function of beam power. The weld microstructure is characterised by a columnar and equiaxed dendritic ferrite in an austenite matrix. The dendritic structure was finer at the bottom of the weld zone. A microstructural boundary called “Parting” was seen along the weld centreline. Tensile tests, using a digital image correlation technique, demonstrated that the highest strain was concentrated in the fusion zone. The bottom section of the weld metal exhibited a yield strength of about 14 – 52 MPa higher than the top section. The ultimate tensile strength in the bottom of the weld was also about 4% higher than the top. The final fracture was detected in the parting region. It was observed from the EBSD scan that the grains in the weld zone contained a weak orientation and showed a high Schmid factor intensity with interception between some strong grains and soft grains at the weld centreline boundary. This explains the high weld ductility and the failure to happen in the parting region. Dissimilar welding of 20 mm thick AISI 316L stainless steel to TiAl6V4 using electron beam welding process was carried out. A successful joint was possible through using of copper sheet with 1.5 mm thick as a transition layer between the two metals. Preheating the weld samples was performed to lower the heat input and reduce the residual stresses. A double pass welding technique was applied to achieve full weld penetration. The weld microstructure was studied by SEM, EDS and XRD. The sensitivity of the microstructure to cracking was evaluated by a microhardness test of the weld cross-section. The weld region near the stainless steel contained Fe and Cu in solid solution. While the weld area near the titanium alloy characterised by the copper solid solution with Cu-Ti and Cu-Fe- Ti intermetallic phases. Ti-Fe intermetallic compounds was suppressed and replaced by relatively soft Cu-Ti intermetallics, which significantly improved the joint toughness. However, the formation of Ti-Cu at the Ti/Cu interface makes this region still susceptible to cracking.
Supervisor: Wynne, Bradly ; Todd, Iain Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available