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Title: The role of Article VI in debates about the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty
Author: Harries, Matthew Edward
ISNI:       0000 0004 6421 4059
Awarding Body: King's College London
Current Institution: King's College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2014
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This thesis examines the role that nuclear disarmament, embodied in the Article VI obligation, has played in debates about the Non-Proliferation Treaty. It provides a narrative archival history of the treaty negotiations, tracing the emergence of the NPT idea as the key priority for multilateral nuclear diplomacy in the mid-1960s, describing the tortuous route to superpower agreement on pursuing an NPT; and exploring the complex process by which key US allies and non-aligned states were encouraged to support the treaty. On this basis the thesis explains the role that disarmament played in conceiving, lobbying for and achieving an NPT. The thesis goes on to outline how the role of disarmament in the NPT 'bargain' has evolved, beginning with the effects of US ambivalence about the NPT in its early years, and the development of a circumscribed process of arms control. It then traces a path from the treaty's first review conference in 1975 up to the acrimonious failure of 2005. Finally, it provides an assessment of the role that disarmament issues played in the 2010 NPT Review Conference, which the author attended. The thesis argues, firstly, that the role of disarmament in the original NPT ‘bargain’ was limited and left key questions unsettled, but was nonetheless highly significant in political terms. Secondly, it explains how the practice of a distinctive ‘NPT diplomacy’ allowed the treaty to form the basis of a broader non-proliferation regime. Lastly, however, it concludes that the unresolved questions inherent in Article VI, and exacerbated since the end of the Cold War, mean that the NPT is unlikely to act as an effective vehicle to achieve the vision of a world free of nuclear weapons, and that measures to strengthen the non-proliferation regime in the future are unlikely to be achieved by offering specific concessions on disarmament.
Supervisor: Freedman, Lawrence David ; Bowen, Wyn Quentin Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available