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Title: Molecular-based approaches to modelling carbonate-reservoir fluids : electrolyte phase equilibria, and the description of the fluid-fluid interface
Author: Eriksen, Daniel
ISNI:       0000 0004 6421 2184
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2017
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In this thesis, a new approach to parameterization of the intermolecular potential models of ionic species in electrolyte solutions for the SAFT-VRE Mie theory is presented. Additionally, a predictive approach to the description of the fluid-fluid interface of non-electrolytic, non-associating mixtures is presented. These approaches are intended to support an integrated workflow for the study of the fluid systems relevant for carbon capture and sequestration. The parameterization methodology developed for the intermolecular potential models of ionic species in the SAFT-VRE Mie theory reduces the parameters to be estimated from solution data to a single interaction-energy per solvent-ion pair. This is achieved through the use of literature values for the ion-size parameter, and theoretical estimates for the ion-ion interaction energy. Additionally, the Born diameters of the ion models are taken to be those of Rashin and Honig, and not estimated from data. This approach is applied to the monovalent halides as well as select divalent ions. The resulting models reproduce the solvation energy in H2O to within 5 % error at standard conditions for the monovalent halides. Furthermore, the electrolyte models are demonstrated to provide a fair description of aqueous electrolytes when considering the limited parameterization. The predictive description of the fluid-fluid interface, is achieved by an approach in which the Square Gradient Theory (SGT) and the SAFT-VR Mie EOS are combined. The SGT influence parameter is mapped to the SAFT-VR Mie intermolecular model parameters through the relationship with the direct correlation function. The resulting model is parametrized by matching simulation data for the interfacial tension of λr-6 Mie monomeric fluids. A final evaluation of the model is carried out against non-associating systems of up to 4 species, for which predictive capabilities are demonstrated.
Supervisor: Jackson, George ; Galindo, Amparo Sponsor: Qatar Carbonates and Carbon Storage Research Centre
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral