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Title: The regulation of L-selectin activity by proteolysis
Author: Newman, Andrew
ISNI:       0000 0004 6350 9234
Awarding Body: Cardiff University
Current Institution: Cardiff University
Date of Award: 2017
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L-selectin (CD62L) is a type I transmembrane protein expressed by lymphocytes which directs their migration from the bloodstream into lymph nodes and infected tissues. Stimulation of the T cell receptor (TCR) activates the enzyme A Disintegrin and Metalloproteinase 17 (ADAM 17), which cleaves L-selectin at the ectodomain generating a metalloproteinase product (MP product) comprising of a transmembrane region and a 17-amino acid intracellular domain (ICD). ϒ-secretase is a multi-subunit protease that cleaves up to 90 identified type I transmembrane proteins in the intramembrane region following ectodomain proteolysis by metalloproteinases. Presenilin (PS), the catalytic component of γ-secretase is activated during an intramolecular cleavage called endoproteolysis separating the carboxy (C) and amino (N) termini. The catalytically active C-terminal fragment of PS then induces intramembrane proteolysis of substrates. The aim of my thesis was to firstly determine whether the MP product of L-selectin was a substrate for PS. Subsequently, I analysed whether stimulation of the TCR activates PS, inducing intramembrane proteolysis of the MP product releasing the ICD into the intracellular region. My data showed for the first time that in a resting T-cell, L-selectin forms a multi-component complex with both ADAM 17 and PS. TCR-activation induces ADAM 17 dependent proteolysis of L-selectin generating an MP product. Stimulation of the TCR also causes endoproteolysis of PS, where activated PS then cleaves the bound MP product. After PS cleavage, the released ICD was unstable and therefore difficult to detect, however I was able to block its formation using either PS inhibitor treatment or generating I351W mutated L-selectin, which was resistant to intramembrane proteolysis.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: R Medicine (General)